Also known as chloasma, melasma is a fairly common dermatological condition that causes hyperpigmentation, resulting in brown and tan spots and discolorations of the skin. The condition can technically affect people of all ages but is most common in adulthood. The most common causes are sun exposure, and the hormonal fluctuations associated with pregnancy, making it more common in women. In some cases, melasma may fade on its own, others may require treatment.
Signs and Symptoms of Melasma
The spots and discoloration usually develop on the face, particularly on the chin, nose, cheeks, and forehead. People with melasma typically notice darkened brown or gray patches on their skin. Melasma can also develop on other parts of the body that receive frequent sun exposure, like the neck, arms, and hands. Because the condition is especially common among pregnant women, it is also referred to as the pregnancy mask.
Prolonged sun exposure can also increase the risk of developing facial patches and other forms of skin cancer. The dermatologists at San Diego-based Cosmetic Laser Dermatology suggest scheduling an appointment at the first sign of new growths or spots and discolorations of the skin.
While some cases of chloasma clear up on their own after pregnancy, treatment by a dermatologist may be necessary to lighten and clear up excessive melanin spots on the body. The skincare specialists at Cosmetic Laser Dermatology offer a range of state of the art laser melasma treatments designed to repair sun damage and create a smooth, even skin texture and tone. Cosmetic laser treatments also correct skin damage from sun exposure, which can also increase the risk of developing fine lines, wrinkles, and dry skin.
Aesthetic treatments like chemical peels can also lighten excessive pigmentation and improve skin tone. Schedule a consultation with a dermatologist in San Diego to learn more about:
Laser skin resurfacing and microdermabrasion treatments, such as Dermasweep, are also used for sunspots. Even with proper precautions men and women who live in sunny, warm climates are more susceptible to UV ray exposure. There is a broad range of treatments available for treating sun damage. Laser treatments for sun damage are non-invasive and can help to reverse the early signs of premature aging and spots. medlineplus.gov has more information on treatment options. A consultation with a skilled dermatologist will help to find the treatment method that is right for you.
Q: What causes melasma?
Q: Is melasma dangerous?
Q: Can facial hyperpigmentation be prevented?
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